Code No 6567 Development Education-I AIOU Old Papers
Program: Post Graduation
Code No 6567 Development Education-I AIOU Old Papers Course Code: DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION-1(6567)
Question No 1
What is development education Discuss the role of education in the development of Different sectors of the economy of Pakistan?
Development education :
Development education in youth work aims to support young people to increase their awareness and understanding of the interdependent and unequal world in which we live, through a process of interactive learning, debate, action, and reflection. It challenges perceptions of the world and encourages young people to act for a more just and equal society at a national and international level.
General Educational Development General Educational Development (GED) tests are a group of four subject tests that, when passed, provide certification that the test taker has American or Canadian high school-level academic skills. Although the “GED” initialism is frequently mistaken as meaning “general education degree” or “general education diploma”, the American Council on Education, which owns the GED trademark, coined the initialism to identify “tests of general educational development” that measure proficiency in science, mathematics, social studies, reading, and writing. Passing the GED test gives those who do not complete high school, or who do not meet requirements for a high school diploma, the opportunity to earn their high school equivalency credential, also called a high school equivalency diploma, general equivalency diploma a high-school degree awarded by a series of examinations; also called GED as in the dictionary, in the majority of the United States, Canada, or internationally. In 2014, some states in the United States switched to alternate exams, HiSET and TASC.
Code No 6567 Development Education-I AIOU Old Papers
The GED Testing Service is a joint venture of the American Council on Education. Pearson is the sole developer for the GED test. The test is taken on a computer and in person. States and jurisdictions award a Certificate of High School Equivalency or similarly titled credential to persons who meet the passing score requirements.
Role in development of different sectors :
The concept of Educational change is a broad term that refers to both shifting perspectives within education and efforts of reform within education. The efforts taken to adjust to those new ideas and meet those needs can be categorized as educational change.
Major changes in education in future Technology growth in information and communication Internet Extinction of the Textbooks paper will be drastically reduced Usage of new gadgets like tablets Ecological (natural) awareness
Need for educational change
Need for educational change the current world is changing at a very high rate and without innovations and inventions, educational institutions will lag behind.
Need Changing society Weaknesses within the Current System Inert Knowledge Erroneous Assumptions We Need to Look at Other ways
Importance of educational change the introduction of new digital technologies in educations introduced changes to the social, cultural, and technological world. With the increase of technology because of globalization, many sectors of society are being influenced by it. Enhance the importance of change in the educational field.
Education as a tool for change Education as a tool for social change Education as a tool to fight poverty Education as a tool of economic changes Education as a tool for national development Education as a tool for women empowerment Education as a tool of sustainable development
Relationship between education and social change
Education initiates social change and gives them direction and purpose. Education determines the nature of social changes, which ought to be brought about. Education prepares the individual for social changes. It brings a change in the need of society.
Types of social changes Civilization change Cultural change Change in social relationship
- Education as a tool to fight poverty The most powerful tool is a pencil. It is one of the most effective tools because it creates sustainable change. Knowledge is something that can never be taken away from a person. That is why Stromme Foundation emphasizes education as a key element in our fight against poverty
- Education provides: A context in which to develop one’s worldview A foundation for stable financial development Knowledge that can improve people’s health and social conditions Attitude changes and improved self-esteem An increased sense of belonging within communities
- Education as a tool of economic changes Economic conditions, economic policies, and economic systems are the important factors that constitute the educational environment. Collaboration with foreign universities exchange of students and faculty members from one country to another country.
Trends in domestic trade, export, inflation, money supply, foreign exchange reserved growth of industry, agriculture, and services sector determine the status of education. Loans for higher studies and educational institutions.
Code No 6567 Development Education-I AIOU Old Papers
Economic factors and education Funding for education
Investment in education Strategies for resources
- Education as a tool for national development Education and our Curriculum plays a crucial role in national integration and harmony. The selection, organization, and presentation of subject matter in textbooks show the philosophy, integrity, values, and intellectual thoughts of a nation.
- Education as a tool for women empowerment Education is an essential means of empowering women with the knowledge, skills, and self-confidence necessary to fully participate in the development process. Sustainable development is only possible when women and men enjoy equal opportunities to reach their potential.
- Education as a tool of sustainable development • “Sustainable development is a development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”
- education can improve agricultural productivity, enhance the status of women, reduce population growth rates, enhance environmental protection, and generally raise the standard of living. This ability participate in community decision making and work toward achieving local sustainability goals
Role of teacher in educational change
The changes that took place in schools have changed the roles of teachers, teachers act like.
• Facilitator / only set the goals and organize the activities.
• make up a syllabus of their own and teach their pupils so that they can perform well both at examinations and in life.
Question No 2 :
Code No 6567 Development Education-I AIOU Old Papers
In your opinion what type of strategies can be adopted to make primary education?
Curriculum development-oriented in Pakistan?
Strategies to be adopted in educational change :
Ways to improve Education in Pakistan
- Education plays an important role in the progress and development of a state. The progress of any country depends upon its literacy rate and the quality of education in that country. Therefore, it is the key priority of nations. Unfortunately, our own country Pakistan is a backward one regarding its literacy rate. Even many poor countries have higher literacy rates as compare to Pakistan. Our education system is responsible for all this. There are many factors affecting the education system in Pakistan for example lack of access to quality education, corruption, target killing, poverty, lack of interest in education, inadequate government investment, and lack of educational institutions.
- By employing proper planning we can devise a system that can operate solely on the problem of improving the standard of education. This can be achieved over all parts of the country if the right resources are implored by the government in aiding and making education a vital part of their purpose.
- It is important to realize that the problems which hinder the provision of education are not just due to issues of management by the government but some of them are deeply rooted in the social and cultural orientation of the people. Overcoming this would result in a change in the attitude of the people and then universal primary education would not be difficult to achieve. Hence when these barriers will be removed the quality of education will definitely increase.
- By taxing wealthy citizens and corporations their due, local and federal governments could afford to bolster the public education system. The political will to make such a change seems to be growing more and more remote, but with a citizenry that is engaged in demanding that our society invests in its students that can begin to change.
- . Sustained improvements to the level and distribution of funding across local public school districts led to improvement in the level and distribution of student outcomes. While funding alone cannot provide improved learning outcomes, it provides an underlying condition that makes them possible. Therefore it is important for raising the bar for the standard of education and its improvement heavily relies on this factor.
- This investment pays off, too—in a big way. In 2008, economists found that investing in education has an impact on the country’s overall economic health by increasing the gross domestic product (GDP).
- . Female Male 45% 69% Major factors that hinder enrolment rates of girls include poverty, cultural constraints, illiteracy of parents, and parental concerns about the safety and mobility of their daughters. Society’s emphasis on girl’s modesty, protection, and early marriages may limit the family’s willingness to send them to school. Enrolment of rural girls is 45% lower than that of urban girls; while for boys the difference is 10% only, showing that the gender gap is an important factor. Hence when awareness is preached this will also decrease.
- Studies have found not at all surprisingly that underqualified teachers are tied to poor outcomes for students. The good news is that this is one of the most straightforward areas where policymakers can have an impact. They must clarify standards for teachers seeking licenses and raise standards in areas where student outcomes are lowest. By improving the teaching standard it will directly add to improving the standard of education.
- The economic cost is higher in private schools, but these are located in richer settlements only. The paradox is that private schools are better but not everywhere and government schools ensure equitable access but do not provide quality education. By overcoming the differences in quality of education the standards of education can increase collectively in a country.
- In the education system, we need strong determination, love, and sincerity with our new generation. We should make our grass-root level strong. It is the Government’s responsibility to solve the administrative and management problems of the Pakistan Education system. Education serves as the backbone for the development of nations. It is only education that can turn the burden of the population into productive human resources. Pakistan’s current state demands that the allocations for education be doubled to meet the challenges of EFI, gender disparity, and provision of teachers in the workplaces earlier than 2018 as per stipulated qualifications.
- Providing economic incentives to the students may encourage the parents to send their children to school and may help in reducing the dropout ratio. The local government system is helpful in promoting education and literacy in the country. The unemployment of educated men and women is a major concern for Pakistan.
Question No 3
Discuss how socio-economic changes affecting developing countries like Pakistan and their implications of future changes in education?
Socio_economic changes help in development :
Economic development increases individual resources, reducing dependency on the extended family or group. This gives people opportunities and means to make choices enabling them to pursue autonomy and take personal responsibility.
Foreign aid is a key source of income in Pakistan like many developing countries. Foreign aid inflows fill the saving and investment gap and increase productivity by transmitting modern technology that promotes growth.
Economic development is a critical component that drives economic growth in our economy, creating high-wage jobs and facilitating an improved quality of life. The business development team at the Orlando Economic Partnership works to attract, and retain jobs for the Orlando region. While the work of economic developers often falls under the radar, creating and sustaining jobs for a region is a critical component of a successful economy and community.
These are the top six reasons why economic development plays a critical role in any region’s economy.
- Job creation
Economic developers provide critical assistance and information to companies that create jobs in our economy. We help to connect new-to-market and existing companies with the resources and partners they need to expand, such as CareerSource Central Florida, utilities, and county and city partners.
- Industry diversification
A core part of economic development works to diversify the economy, reducing a region’s vulnerability to a single industry. While tourism plays an important role in creating jobs in the Orlando region, economic development efforts help to grow industries outside of tourism, including Innovative Technologies and Digital Media, Life Sciences & Healthcare, Aviation, Aerospace & Defense, Advanced Manufacturing, and Business Services.
A large percentage of jobs in the Orlando economy are created by existing companies that are expanding their operations. Our economic development team executed 73 business retention and expansion visits to local companies just last year to assist with their operational needs.
- Economy fortification
Economic development helps to protect the local economy from economic downturns by attracting and expanding the region’s major employers.
The increased presence of companies in the region translates to increased tax revenue for community projects and local infrastructure.
- Improved quality of life
Better infrastructure and more jobs improve the economy of the region and raise the standard of living for its residents.
This week, the Orlando Economic Partnership is joining with other economic development organizations to celebrate International Economic Development Week. International Economic Development Week, hosted by the International Economic Development Council, is dedicated to creating awareness for economic development programs that impact the community and increase the quality of life. Learn more on the International Economic
A socio-economic impact generally measures the changes in job creation, income, business output, and Gross Value Added (GVA) contribution per region resulting from the development.
Socio-economic issues are factors that have a negative influence on an individuals’ economic activity including lack of education, cultural and religious discrimination, overpopulation, unemployment, and corruption.
Social economics is a branch of economics—and social science—that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and economics.
The theories of social economics often consider factors that are outside the focus of mainstream economics, including the effect of the environment and ecology on consumption and wealth.
Social economics is primarily concerned with the interplay between social processes and economic activity within a society. Social economics may attempt to explain how a particular social group or socioeconomic class behaves within a society, including their actions as consumers.
An individual’s socioeconomic status can significantly impact their educational attainment and financial security. For example, an individual from an affluent social class will likely have a greater opportunity to achieve higher education and may be expected to pursue such a goal by peers and other members of their class.
Completing higher education is more likely to increase their income potential, as well as provide opportunities to interact with people of similar or more advanced social standing and build beneficial social networks.